English – Verbal (for CAT, MBA) (Sourced)
The last sentence is removed from the following paragraph. From among the given options choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate manner.
1. Persons do not become a society by living in physical proximity, any more than a man ceases to be socially influenced by being so many feet or miles removed from others. A book or a letter may institute a more intimate association between human beings separated thousands of miles from each other than exists between dwellers under the same roof. Individuals do not even compose a social group because they all work for a common end. The parts of a machine work with maximum cooperativeness for a common result, but they do not form a community. If, however, they were all cognizant of the common end and all interested in it so that they regulated their specific activity in view of it, then they would form a community. But this would involve communication. Each would have to know what the other was about and would have to have some way of keeping the other informed as to his own purpose and progress – thereby communicating overall progress. ———————————
(a) Consensus demands communication.
(b) There is a compelling reason to believe that within even the most social group there are many relations which are not as yet social.
(c) Individuals use one another so as to get desired results, without reference to the emotional and intellectual disposition and consent of those used.
(d) Not only is social life identical with communication, but all communication, and hence all genuine social life, is educative.
(e) Society is thus made or marred by effective communication.
Answer the question based on the following passage:
2. Plato, like Xenophon, was a pupil of Socrates but Xenophon only wanted to be the clerk of Socrates; and Plato, as an enthusiastic disciple, was at the same time very faithful and unfaithful to Socrates. He was a faithful disciple of Socrates in never failing to place morality in the foremost rank of all philosophical considerations; in that he never varied. He was an unfaithful disciple to Socrates in that, imaginative and an admirable poet, he bore back philosophy from earth to heaven; he did not forbid himself – quite the contrary – to pile up great systems about all things and to envelope the universe in his vast and daring conceptions. He invincibly established morality, the science of virtue, as the final goal of human knowledge, in his brilliant and charming Socratic Dialogues; he formed great systems in all the works in which he introduces himself as speaking in his own name. He was very learned, and acquainted with everything that had been written by all the philosophers before Socrates, particularly Heraclitus, Pythagoras, Parmenides and Anaxagoras. He reconsidered all their teaching and he himself brought to consideration, a force and a wealth of mind which appeared to have had no parallel in the world,
It is clear from the passage that:
(a) Plato provided to the world what generations after him would follow.
(b) Plato’s mind has been proven to be unparalleled in the history of the universe.
(c) Plato followed the teachings of Socrates and also provided a new meaning,
(d) Plato remained unchallenged during his times.
(e) Plato has proved what Socrates could not do in his life time.
3. The correct word from the set of two Italicized words in each of the sentences would form a pattern. Choose the correct pattern from among the options given.
I. The Climatic (A)/ Climactic (B) moment of the mystery revealed the murderer to be the character least suspected by all.
II. He was criticized for his contemptuous (A)/ contemptible (B) behavior in the class.
III. In order to not get noticed, he kept a discreet (A)/ discrete (B) distance while following her
IV. His childlike (A)/ childish (B) pranks did not go down well with his classmates.
V. The dining (A)/ dinning (B) room was already full of guests when I entered.
4. The following question consists of a paragraph in which the first and the last sentences are fixed and the sentences in between jumbled. Choose from the options the most logical sequence of the intermediate sentences.
I. We cross the threshold of one, and are accosted by a female who, speaking in musical accents, invites us to sit down.
A. We are welcome in her humble cabin; but her dark, languishing eyes, so full f intensity, watch us with irresistible suspicion.
B. She has none of Africa’s blood in her veins; no! Her features are beautifully olive, and the intonation of her voice discovers a different origin.
C. How reserved she seems, and yet how quickly she moves her graceful figure when she places her right hand upon her finely-arched forehead, parts the heavy folds of glossy hair that hangs carelessly over her brown shoulders, and with a half-suppressed smile answers our salutation.
D. Her figure is tall and well-formed; she has delicately-formed hands and feet, long tapering fingers, well-rounded limbs, and an oval face, shaded with melancholy.
II. They are the symbols of her inward soul; they speak through that melancholy pervading her countenance.
5. The following set of labeled sentences is jumbled and forms a coherent paragraph when sequenced correctly. Choose the most logical order of sentences from the options.
A. It drifted northwards through the state, then turned back to the south and re-entered the Gulf of Mexico.
B. The first storm of the season, Allison lasted unusually long for a June storm, remaining tropical or subtropical for 15 days.
C. Allison was the first storm since tropical storm Frances in 1998 to strike the upper Texas coastline.
D. The storm continued to the east-north east, making landfall on Louisiana and then moving across the south-east United States and Mid-Atlantic.
E. The storm developed from a tropical wave in the northern Gulf of Mexico on June 4, and struck the northern Texas coast shortly thereafter.
6. Introduction of cheap small cars in the Indian market is going to result in a major traffic crisis, especially in overcrowded metros. The problem of lack of parking space is bound to become even more acute. Already the growing two wheeler and premium car markets are pushing the infrastructure to its limit. The introduction of more small cars is just going to increase the difficulties faced by the common man in day to day life.
Which of the following if true will weaken most the above argument?
(a) Small cars occupy lesser parking space and are easier to maneuver in traffic.
(b) Bigger cars are less fuel efficient and contribute more to air pollution.
(c) The government is going to enact a law that big and premium cars will be charged additional road tax.
(d) The public transport system is not good enough to provide viable and effective means of transport for the common man.
(e) The introduction of small cars is projected to reduce the two wheeler market by 80% and medium sized car market by 50%.
7. The last sentence in the following passage is removed. Choose from among the options the one that completes the passage in most appropriate manner.
It is true the driving force behind corporate responsibility is ‘enlightened self-interest’. What must be also acknowledged is that it is the enlightened self-interest for Governments and NGOs to work in partnership with business. The private sector provides the know-how, capital and infrastructure from which countries and communities can grow economically and fund social development. _____________________________________.
(a) And it can provide to society goods and services, profitably and responsibly.
(b) And corporate social responsibility is adequately represented by voluntary philanthropy.
(c) And corporate responsibility is not about pretending to solve the problems of the world especially governments and NGOs.
(d) And it can provide expertise to support the goals of governments and NGOs.
(e) And it would be wrong to assume that Small and Medium sized enterprises are not engaged in corporate social responsibility.
8. Nano technology refers broadly to a field of applied science and technology whose unifying theme is the control of matter on the atomic and molecular scale, normally 1 to 100 nanometers, and the fabrication of devices with critical dimensions that lie within that size range. It is a highly multidisciplinary field, drawing from fields such as applied physics, material science, interface and colloid science, device physics, supra molecular chemistry (which refers to the area of chemistry that focusses on the noncovalent bonding interactions of the molecules), self-replicating machines and robotics, chemical engineering, mechanical engineering, biological engineering and electrical engineering. Much speculation exists as to what may result from the lines of research. Nanotechnology can be seen as an extension of existing sciences into the nanoscale, or as a recasting of existing sciences using a newer, modern term.
From the following five summaries, choose the one that captures the essence of the above passage.
(a) Nanotechnology is a highly multidisciplinary technology for the control of the matter at the atomic or molecular scale and the fabrication of devices at that scale. In future, existing science may extend to nanoscale.
(b) Nanotechnology, whose theme is the control of matter at the atomic or molecular scale and the fabrication of devices at that scale, draws from various fields from applied physics to electrical engineering. The future of nanotechnology is rife with speculation.
(c) Nanotechnology, whose theme is the control of matter at the atomic or molecular scale and the fabrication of devices at that scale, draws from various fields. In future, nanotechnology may impact all other sciences.
(d) Nanotechnology is a highly multidisciplinary technology for the control of the matter at the atomic or molecular scale and the fabrication of devices at that scale. In future, existing sciences may use a more modern term.
(e) Nanotechnology, whose aim is the control of matter at the atomic or molecular scale and the fabrication of devices at that scale, draws from various fields. The future of nanotechnology is uncertain but it may impact all other sciences.
Answers: 1. (a) 2. (c) 3. (d) 4. (a) 5. (b) 6. (e) 7. (d) 8. (c)